Last Sunday, in the sermon on Ephesians 6:10-20, I spent much of our time helping us all understand what the Bible says/warns about Satan. Here is a list of scriptures I referred to during this sermon (plus a few that didn't make it into the sermon):
Satan: Origins/Early History
(Isaiah 14:12–15)12 How have you fallen from heaven, O daystar, son of the dawn! How are you struck down, you downcast of the nations! 13 You have said in your heart: I will ascend to heaven; I will set up my throne over the stars of God; I will sit on the assembly mountain in the far north latitudes; 14 I will rise above the heights of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High.” 15 But you will be brought down into Sheol, into the vastness of the pit.
Note: This passage refers specifically to the king of Babylon. But many Christians throughout history have found these verses applicable to Satan as well.
(Ezekiel 28:13-17)13 You were in Eden, the garden of God; every precious stone was your shell, sardius, topaz and diamond, beryl, onyx and jasper, sapphire, emerald and carbuncle; and your settings and your carvings were made of gold. They were prepared on the day you were created.14 You were an anointed guardian angel. I placed you; you were on the holy mountain of God; you walked among flints.15 You were blameless in your ways from the day you were created until iniquity was found in you.16 In the fullness of your trade you were filled with violence in your midst, and you sinned; so I threw you unholy from the mountain of God and destroyed you, O protecting cherub, in the midst of the fiery stones.17 Your heart was proud because of your beauty; for the sake of your splendor you have spoiled your wisdom. I throw you to the ground; I exposed you to kings to feast their eyes on you.
Note: This passage refers specifically to the prince of Tyre. But [as above] many Christians throughout history have seen these verses as applicable to Satan as well.
(Lukas 10:18)18 And he said to them, 'I saw Satan fall from heaven like lightning.
(Job 1:6-7)6 Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan also came among them. 7 The Lord said to Satan, Where are you from? Satan answered the LORD and said, "Of the going to and fro of the earth, and of the going up and down of it."(see rest of chapters 1 and 2)
(Johannes 1:1-3)1In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.2He was with God in the beginning.3All things were made by him, and without him nothing made is made.
Note: Satan is a creature (i.e. created by Jesus).
(Colossians 1:16)16For through him everything was created, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities, everything was created through him and for him.
Note: See previous note.
(Revelation 12:3-4)3 And another sign appeared in heaven: Behold, a great red dragon with seven heads and ten horns, and on his heads seven diadems. 4 His tail swept down a third of the stars of heaven and threw them to the earth. And the dragon stood before the woman who was about to give birth, to devour her when she gave birth to her child.(see also verses 7-17)
Note: This "dragon passage" is certainly speaking of Satan (as identified in verse 9). But there is debate among Christian scholars as to which period(s) this passage refers to. Some see it as the past (first advent), while others see it as the future (second advent).
(Johannes 8:44)44 You are from your father the devil, and your will is to fulfill your father's desires. He was a murderer from the start and is not in the truth because there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks out of his own character, for he is a liar and the father of lies.
(1 Johannes 3:8a)8Whoever sins is of the devil, for the devil sinned from the beginning...
(Matthew 4:2–10)2 And after fasting forty days and forty nights, he was hungry. 3 And the tempter came and said to him: If you are the Son of God, command these stones to become loaves of bread.(see also verses 4-10)
(2 Corinthians 11:14)14 No wonder, for even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light.
Satan's work in today's world
(1 Petrus 5:8)8 Be sober; pay attention. Your adversary the devil roams like a roaring lion looking for someone to devour.
(Epheser 2:2)2 in whom you once walked, following the course of this world, following the prince of the power of the air, the Spirit now at work in the sons of disobedience—
(1 Johannes 5:19)19 We know that we are of God, and the whole world is in the power of evil.
(2 Timothy 2:26)26 and they may come to their senses and escape from the snare of the devil, having been taken captive by him to do his will.
(1 Thessalonians 2:18)18 because we wanted to come to you—I, Paul, kept wanting to—but Satan prevented us.
(1 Thessalonians 3:5)5 For this reason, when I could bear it no longer, I sent to know your faith, for fear that the tempter would have tempted you in some way and our effort would be in vain.
(1 Timothy 1:20)20 of them are Hymenaeus and Alexander, whom I handed over to Satan so that they might learn not to blaspheme.
(1 Timothy 5:15)15 For some have already gone after Satan.
(2 Corinthians 4:4)4 In their case, the god of this world has blinded the minds of unbelievers to keep them from seeing the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God.
(2 Corinthians 12:7)7 So that I might not be arrogant because of the exceeding greatness of the revelations, I was given a thorn in the flesh, a messenger of Satan, to harass me, lest I become arrogant.
(Lukas 22:3)3 Then Satan entered Judas, called Iscariot, who was of the number of the twelve.
(Acts 5:3)3 But Peter said, “Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and withhold from you part of the produce of the land?
(Markus 4:15)15 And these are those on the way where the word was sown: when they hear it, Satan comes immediately and takes away the word that is sown in them.
Jesus' victory over Satan/Satan's limited power over believers
(Colossians 2:15)15 He disarmed the princes and magistrates and shamed them openly, triumphing over them in him.
(Hebrews 2:14)14 Since children therefore have a part in flesh and blood, he himself also part in them, to destroy by death the one who has the power of death, the devil,
(1 Johannes 3:8b) …The reason the Son of God appeared was to destroy the works of the devil.
(Johannes 12:31)31 Now is the judgment of this world; now the ruler of this world is cast out.
(Matthew 12:25-29)25 Knowing their thoughts, he said to them, 'Every kingdom divided against itself will be desolate, and no city or house divided against itself will stand. 26 And when Satan casts out Satan, he is at odds with himself. How then will his kingdom stand? 27 And if I cast out demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your sons cast them out? Therefore they will be your judges. 28 But if I cast out demons by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God has come upon you. 29 Or how can anyone enter the house of a strong man and plunder his belongings unless he first binds the strong man? Then he may well plunder his house.
(Romans 8:38-39)38 For I am sure that neither death nor life, neither angels nor rulers, neither things present nor things to come, nor powers, 39 neither height nor depth, nor anything else in all creation can separate us from the love of God in Christ Jesus, our lord.
(Romans 16:20)20 The God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you.
(Colossians 1:13)13 He delivered us from the kingdom of darkness and placed us in the kingdom of his beloved Son,
(1. Johannes 4:4)4 Little children, you are of God and have overcome them, for he who is in you is greater than he who is in the world.
(1 Johannes 5:18)18 We know that everyone who is born of God does not keep sinning, but he who is born of God protects him, and the wicked one does not touch him.
(2 Thessalonians 2:7-10)7 For the mystery of lawlessness is already at work. Only those who hold it back now will do it until they're out of the way. 8 And then the lawless one will be revealed, whom the Lord Jesus will kill with the breath of his mouth and bring to naught by the appearance of his coming. 9 The coming of the lawless is by the work of Satan with all power and false signs and wonders, 10 and with all evil deception for those who are perishing because they refused to love the truth and thus be saved.
(2 Thessalonians 3:3)3 But the Lord is faithful. He will strengthen you and protect you from evil.
(James 4:7)7 Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil and he will flee from you.
(Revelation 12:11)11 And they conquered him by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony, for they did not love their life unto death.
(Revelation 20:1-3)1 Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, holding the key of the abyss and a great chain in his hand. 2 And he took hold of the dragon, that old serpent, that is the devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years, 3 and threw him into the pit and shut it up and sealed it over him, lest he deceive the nations any longer, until the thousand years were up. After that he has to be released for a while.
Note: This point is specific to those who hold ammillennial or post-millennial views of eschatology. According to these views, these verses refer to our present age (i.e., Satan is presently prevented from deceiving the nations).